Reading signs and symptoms of abuse and misuse

07 Feb, 2020 - 00:02 0 Views
Reading signs and symptoms of abuse and misuse

B-Metro

Mthandazo Ndlovu

Many a times people spiral deep into drug, alcohol and substances of abuse, misuse, ignorantly as they are not aware of the signs or symptoms of the red flag being raised, this week we open the eyes of every user to signs and symptoms they must look at, so that they quickly get help.

The signs and symptoms associated with substance use disorder usually falls into four major groupings, impaired control, social impairment, risky use and or tolerance or withdrawal. 

The problematic use of intoxicating may lead to impairment or distress manifested by at least two of the following occurring within a twelve-month period:

The substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended, this often revealed by strong desires of binge drinking or use and or strong desires of having the substance within short time breaks.

The above leads to a persistent desire or unsuccessful effort to cut down or control the substance use. A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance, use the substance or recover from the effects: 

Cravings or strong desire or an urge to use the substance even where it is not appropriate.

Recurrent use of the substance resulting in failure to fulfil major role obligations at school, at work or at home. 

Continued use of the substance despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of use.

Important social, occupational or recreation activities are given up or reduced because of use of the substance. 

Recurrent use of the substance in situations in which it is physically hazardous.

Use of substance is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance.

Tolerance as defined by the following: 

a) A need for markedly increased amounts of the substance to achieve the intoxication desired. 

b) A markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the substance.

Withdrawal as manifested by 

i) Physical pain, emotions

ii)The substance or a close related substance is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms better known as hangover handling.

The above are true in the misuse of any drug, substance of abuse or alcohol, if you feel you see any two of the above, seek help before you spiral deeper.

For more information and help call or WhatsApp +263772399734 or email [email protected] and join the Rechabites in creating drug free healthy and productive communities .

Mthandazo Ndlovu   Accredited -Drug Prevention and Rehabilitation Specialist, Addictions Counsellor, Adolescent Counsellor, Professional Counsellor.

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